Anwar Ouassini Ph.D.
Assistant Professor of Sociology and Criminal Justice at Delaware State University. Email: firstname.lastname@example.org
The growth and expansion of transnational Islamic movements in the global system has created new questions for sociologist and social movement scholars alike. Mainly, how do Islamic movements cross the transnational chain and sustain their presence in new contexts? This paper addresses this query by advancing traditional social movement paradigms by introducing the concept of social movement spheres (SM spheres). These spheres are sustained by two internally distinctive processes: the imagined solidarities (Ummah) that exist between and among Muslims globally and the Mosque institution. Through comparable global cases, this paper will show that SM spheres are constrained by the Islamic legal tradition and Muslim cultural frameworks, which forcibily enables localized movements to share economic, social, and cultural forms of capital with transnational movements. This in turn faciliates the expansion and institutionalization of new movement in different global settings.
Keywords: Social Movement Spheres, Islamic Social Movements, Ummah, Mosque, Mobilization, Transnational Social Movements